These occupy only 860 hectares of the Park, and are divided into two ethnocultural reserves, one townscape reserve and one memorial reserve. Other valuable villages, such as Dubininkas, Lynežeris, Zervynos, Kapiniškės, or Liškiava, fall within other protected areas and are regulated according to separate rules.
The Musteika ethnocultural reserve includes the village of Musteika in the southern part of the Park as well as its surroundings. Its purpose is to preserve the planned spatial structure, ethnic traditions, and traditional way of life of one of the most ethnographically valuable and best-preserved forest Dzūkai villages. The planned spatial structure and ethnic traditions of the river Dzūkai villages is represented by the Žiogeliai ethnocultural reserve in the southwestern part of the Park. In order to preserve the historic town of Merkinė, the Merkinė townscape reserve was established, protecting and exhibiting the town’s planned spatial structure, its central square, buildings, church, and hill-fort.
The Subartonys memorial reserve is also located in the Park, to protect and exhibit the homestead of the writer Vincas Krėvė Mickevičius, the museum-house, cemetery, and other places connected with the writer.