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DNP – numbers and facts


The largest protected territory in Lithuania with an area of 58,452 ha.

  • The park extends in the territory of 4 municipalities;
  • Forests occupies ca 49,602 ha, with pine forests prevailing 90,2 %;
  • 3 nature reserves and 28 managed nature reserves – 8 of landscape, 16 of nature and 4 of culture;
  • 79 villages and the town of Merkinė, with the total population of ca. 3.500 inhabitants;
  • The highest spot is Dalgiakalnis, 168,2 m above the sea level;
  • The lowest spot is the Nemunas bed at Krikštonys, 66 m abowe the sea level;
  • 36 rivers and rivulets – from the smallest rivulets to the largest river of Lithuania – Nemunas;
  • 74 lakes biger than 0.05 ha with the total area of 249,3 ha;
  • More than 1197 species of plants, 1031 species of mushrooms, and lichens;
  • 54 mammal species, 200 bird species, 19 amphibian and reptile species, 38 fish species, 760 butterfly species;
  • 250 species on the Red Data List of Lithuania – 103 plants, 43 mushrooms and lichens, 46 invertebrates, 4 fish, 7 amphibian and reptiles, 39 birds and 15 mammals
  • The park’s forests – Natura’2000 territory for bird protection and for habitats and species;
  • 43 objects of nature heritage – hollowed pine trees, relics of ancient apiculture, the slopes of the Ūla, Merkys and Nemunas, interesting ravines, springs, exposures, ridges, valleys and lakes; 
  • 54 objects of cultural heritage of state significance and more than 80 – of local significance;
  • Merkinė mound – the 15th-16th c.;
  • Merkinė Church of the Assumption of the Holy Virgin Mary – a monument of architecture of the 17th c., contains 11 monuments of art;
  • Liškiava mound – 3rd c. B.C.-9th c. A.D., ruins of a castle, whose construction began in the late 14th c.-early 15th c. and was never finished;
  • Late Baroque Church of the Holy Trinity in Liškiava and the former Dominican monastery built in 1704–20, the belfry and the roadside shrine are monuments of architecture. The church contains 11 monuments of art, among them a painting from the 17th c. and murals from the 18th c. Seven Rococo altars of the Holy Trinity decorated with expressive sculptures are among the most valuable examples of Rococo in Lithuania;
  • The Church of Simon and Judas Thaddeus in Marcinkonys was built in ca. 1880. In the early 20th c. it was surrounded by a stone fence, into which 14 passions of Christ were inbuilt. The churchyard and the church contain 10 monuments of art;
  • Zervynos, Musteika, Dubininkas, Lynežeris ar rich in monuments of traditional wooden architecture;
  • 3 museums: those of ethnography in Marcinkonys, beekeeping in Musteika, regional Merkine land museum, Vincas Krėvė-Mickevičius’ museum;
  • Guest house with 17 beds, nature school with 37 beds, 1 conference halls, 16 homesteads of village tourism, 4 cognitive nature trails.

 


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